In this day and age, it’s crucial to remain informed and updated about current trends within the financial industry – and one of the most popular sectors is cryptocurrency. It has become a highly sought-after investment because of its high-risk, high-demand nature. There’s a high probability that you’ve already heard of Bitcoin or Ethereum, which are two well-known crypto coins.

However, it’s easy to feel overwhelmed with endless information about crypto investments and their branches. So here’s a short guide to help you understand cryptocurrency and its mechanism to make it easier on your end.

Understanding Cryptocurrency

In a nutshell, cryptocurrency is a form of digital currency that doesn’t rely on any governing body like banks to verify transactions. Instead, it purely exists as a digital entry to an online database, making it a one-of-a-kind asset. It uses a peer-to-peer (P2P) system that enables users to send and receive payments and is typically stored in digital wallets.

The reason behind its name is its reliance on encryption to verify each transaction. This means that advanced coding is required to store and transmit crypto data between digital wallets and public ledgers. And because of its built-in encryption, the platform has extra security and safety, which are both great perks considering that crypto usually deals with huge sums of money.

But before all of the cryptocurrency fiasco, one particular coin caught everyone’s attention – Bitcoin. It was created in 2009, and despite its extreme volatility, the coin continues to garner undivided attention and growth throughout time.

How Cryptocurrency Works

Just like other forms of investment, it’s essential to understand the manner in which your money will move across the crypto platform. And in terms of crypto, it runs on a distributed public ledger referred to as the blockchain. It contains all records of transactions within the platform, updated and held by currency holders.

Overall, there are three primary ways how cryptocurrency works:


Despite being completely digital, cryptocurrency still has to come from somewhere. It is typically generated through a complex process called “mining,” where miners must solve certain mathematical complexities using robust computer systems. And for each correct answer, they are rewarded with crypto coins.

Although mining coins sounds relatively straightforward, don’t be fooled because one complication equation may take at least 30 days to be solved. Because despite using robust computer devices to answer these equations, it’s essential to understand that these puzzles contain a string of numbers and letters, making them extremely difficult to solve.

Trading Assets

Nowadays, users may purchase or sell cryptocurrencies from various sectors, such as brokers, central exchanges, and individual currency owners. In fact, crypto platforms like Coinbase and Binance are some of the most beginner-friendly tools for users to trade currencies.

Once bought, crypto may be stored in digital wallets – you may choose between hot and cold ones. Hot wallets are connected to the Internet, making them easier to transact. However, it poses some cybersecurity risks related to data theft and fraud. On the other hand, cold wallets don’t use the Internet – it’s more like a USB devices you carry around with you. The crypto community generally views it as the safer option because hackers won’t have direct access to it unless they physically acquire the device.

Transacting And Investing

What makes cryptocurrency more accessible is its ability to be transferred from one digital wallet to another using only a smartphone. If you own a cryptocurrency, you have the choice between:

  • Using your assets to buy goods and services from well-respected establishments
  • Trade them in when their price skyrockets
  • Convert them to cash if you need some extra funds

Is NFT A Type Of Cryptocurrency?

Due to cryptocurrency’s growth, it has now taken various forms other than just being an investment. For example, you may now use it to loan money and pay for your online shopping orders. Alongside its popularity are NFTs – non-fungible tokens.

These digital assets provide ownership of a digital file’s original copy, much like an online painting. And because both possess incredibly similar features, it’s a common misconception to think that NFTs are a form of cryptocurrency because it is not.

Their main difference is that NFTs are non-fungible, while cryptocurrencies are fungible.

To Sum It Up…

Whatever way you look at it, it’s always better to be safe than sorry in investing your hard-earned money in crypto, stocks, or a business.

Generally speaking, just a tiny portion of your overall portfolio should be made up of high-risk investments. It shouldn’t reach past 10% – which is already quite risky. Other risk management methods in your cryptocurrency portfolio include diversifying the types of coins you purchase. In addition, by investing in various products, you may protect yourself from losses in one of your holdings since cryptocurrency assets may rise and fall at varying rates and over varying time periods.

Because just like anything else, completing your research before investing is the most crucial step. And it’s especially vital in crypto because of its volatility, random skyrockets, and dips in value.